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1,000 Facts About Ancient Egypt

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It’s thought that most families kept a cat as a pet, which they believed would bring the household good luck! With the end of the Kurdish Ayyubid dynasty, the Mamluks, a Turco- Circassian military caste, took control about AD 1250. Out of this chaos, the commander of the Albanian regiment, Muhammad Ali ( Kavalali Mehmed Ali Pasha) emerged as a dominant figure and in 1805 was acknowledged by the Sultan in Istanbul as his viceroy in Egypt; the title implied subordination to the Sultan but this was in fact a polite fiction: Ottoman power in Egypt was finished and Muhammad Ali, an ambitious and able leader, established a dynasty that was to rule Egypt until the revolution of 1952. Tunnels were discovered beneath the Giza pyramids and this shows that the Egyptians had mastered this building technology way before we rediscovered it.

Ancient Egypt facts and history - National Geographic Kids

The last ruler from the Ptolemaic dynasty was Cleopatra, who committed suicide following the burial of her lover Mark Antony, who had died in her arms (from a self-inflicted stab wound) after Augustus had captured Alexandria and her mercenary forces had fled. After the Muslim conquest of Egypt, parts of Egypt became provinces of successive Caliphates and other Muslim dynasties: Rashidun Caliphate (632-661), Umayyad Caliphate (661–750), Abbasid Caliphate (750–935), Fatimid Caliphate (909–1171), Ayyubid Sultanate (1171–1260), and the Mamluk Sultanate (1250–1517). Although King Taharqa was a foreign ruler from Kush, a kingdom south of Egypt, he repaired crumbling temples and even began building pyramids again for the first time in about 800 years. Egypt gained partial independence from the UK in 1922 and acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952.The title and content of this post have been updated throughout the years based on new information but also to make sure people can find it in Google and I have to admit I overlooked the incongruence between the title and some of the facts.

facts about Egypt - The Facts Institute 30 interesting facts about Egypt - The Facts Institute

Most of the country is desert, so about 95% of the population is concentrated in a narrow strip of fertile land along the Nile River, which represents only about 5% of Egypt’s land area. It is astonishing that the ancient Egyptians could create buildings with such precision, and this careful, intelligent level of construction can be seen in other monuments in Egypt as well, not just the pyramids.

The sun played such an important role in everyday life that the shape of the pyramids was inspired by it.

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